Maltidex™ does not promote dental caries (tooth decay), since dental plaque bacteria are unable to ferment polyols such as Maltidex™ into the organic acids that demineralise teeth. Maltidex™ meets the scientific criteria of Toothfriendly International governing use of the Happy Tooth logo, which is used on packaging to highlight products that are demonstrably safe for teeth.
Slow energy release and lower calories
Traditional sweetening carbohydrates like sucrose (sugar) and glucose are rapidly digested and absorbed into the bloodstream, delivering their full energy payload immediately and triggering an immediate rise in blood glucose levels.
Polyols like Maltidex™, on the other hand, are absorbed incompletely in the small intestine, and through a much slower two-stage process, providing their food energy to the body over a more extended period. Polyols like Maltidex™ thus have only 60 percent the calorific value of conventional sugars – 2.4 kCal/g under the EC Nutrition and Labeling Directive, compared with 4.0 kCal/g for sucrose.
Low glycaemic index
Because they are digested through a slow enzymatic hydrolysis process, polyols do not cause a significant increase in serum glucose, which is why Cargill Maltidex™ has a glycaemic index roughly 50 percent of sucrose and insulinaemic index roughly 75 percent of sucrose. Confectionery made with maltitol can, thus, be enjoyed by diabetics who should seek advice of their medical practitioner on the usefulness of polyols in their daily meal plan.
Gut health promotion
Low digestible carbohydrates, such as polyols pass into the large intestine where studies have shown they are a welcome food for gut flora (bacteria), favouring saccharolytic anaerobes and aciduric organisms in the colon. These in turn produce short chain fatty acids that are beneficial to gut acidity and digestive functions, and have been shown to improve health in the colonic epithelium. (Source: G. Livesey, Health potential of polyols as sugar replacers, with emphasis on low glycaemic properties. Nutrition Research Reviews (2003), 16: pp 163-191)
Digestive tolerance issues
Unabsorbed polyols can have osmotic effects in the colon causing a laxative reaction. Tolerance may vary between individuals and depends on frequency and average intake. A daily dose of 50 to 70g/day of Maltidex™ is usually well tolerated by adults when spread.
Some Cargill products are only approved for use in certain geographies, end uses, and/or at certain usage levels. It is the customer's responsibility to determine, for a particular geography, that (i) the Cargill product, its use and usage levels, (ii) the customer's product and its use, and (iii) any claims made about the customer's product, all comply with applicable laws and regulations.